Aranyak Novel by Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay.
Aranyak Novel is written by author Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay.
Aranyak’s novel is set against the backdrop of the forest. Veteran writer Bibhutibhushan Mukherjee has commented that there could be any kind of novel with the background of the forest, which the Bengali readers could not have imagined before. I don’t know if there are any books like ‘Aranyak’ in Bengali or in the world literature. The period from 1937 to 1939 was the period of writing the novel Aranyak. This novel is the result of the permanent and deep shadows that he saw in Bhagalpur and the forest and forest dwellers in the writer’s mind. The novel Aranyak was published serially in Prabasi monthly.
Judging from the content, Aranyak novel can claim its own uniqueness. The novel is a reflection of the various ups and downs of human civilization and society going through the great age, which is mainly character dependent. The writer portrays the whole world and the world around him in the form of an original story and a few characters. Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay did not prioritize taking Aranya to a stage where there is no such thing as a solid story in the novel and the coherent continuity and the story gradually accumulates into suffocating anxiety. So this novel is a history of the author’s psyche, a picture of a favorite object reflected in personal philosophy.
Professor Srikumar Banerjee commented on the remark, saying that such examples are not cheap in European novels. Now it is necessary to consider what is the main reason for this uniqueness of ‘Aranyaka’?
Aranyak is a completely new kind of novel. It does not have a continuous united and cohesive story and therefore there is no interconnection between the men and women included in it. They are isolated and separated from each other. As a result of each being a completely separate entity, the novel is formed by the combined insertion of many interconnected fragmentary stories and fragmentary characters in the episode. These interrelationships are between randomly scattered characters but the author has been able to create a higher unity and a finer solidarity with the help of two techniques.
In the first place, the forest has placed more importance on the surface of nature than the human character, so that the characters have lost their isolation and are united in the greater unity of the background.
Secondly, since the Aranyak story is told in a good man, the narrator’s true personality and character traits have also helped a lot in this unity, i.e. the combination of nature and truthfulness has made the book a coherent novel. Has established an artistic unity among many characters.
The author Bibhutibhushan in his novel Aranyak has shown the neutral nature to be greater than man. In all other texts he is first a humanist and then a nature lover. In the novel, his love of humanity did not disappear under the pressure of nature. The characters he created have drawn their life force from this heartfelt sympathy of his. Because He loves Himself, He has made them worthy of our love.
There is no hero in the Aranyak novel. The heroine herself is nature. Through the diversity of the beauty of the forest and the diversity of the life of the forest man and woman whose secret soul is constantly manifesting itself. Satyacharan stands out from everything. With sharp intellect and feeling he is able to understand and enjoy what he is seeing, but he is not able to be exactly united with anything, because he is not an outsider in the forest.
Not everyone has the ability to enjoy the beauty of nature. Satyacharan was. Ordinary people, poor people, superstitious forest people could not mix with them openly, they could walk in truth. Not all people have the strength to share in the joys and sorrows of these people and to be fascinated by their honesty and simplicity – Satyacharan did. That is why we cannot or will not love this man behind the scenes, who is completely irrelevant in art. In him we can clearly see the self-projection of the nature-mad Bibhutibhushan.
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Author Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay was born on Wednesday, September 12, 1894, at 10:30 a.m. in his uncle’s house in Muratipur village near Kanchrapara. His father was Mahananda Banerjee. He had outstanding skills in Sanskrit language and literature. He has written many songs. Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay was inspired by his father’s literary pursuits in his childhood.
As a child, he started his first lesson at ‘Prasanna’ Gurumahashay Pathshala on the other side of Naihati. He was then admitted to Bonogram High English School in 1908. Their condition was so bad that they could not even afford to be admitted. His mother had raised money with a silver rate mortgage. Later all his student life was studied in Jalpani. He passed matriculation in 1908 and In 1914 he passed matriculation in the first class, then was admitted to Ripon College (now Surendranath College) in Calcutta. He passed BA with distinction in 1918. At that time Professor Ramendrasundar Trivedi was the principal in 1916.
He has described his autobiography in the novel Pather Panchali.
Needless to say, Aranyak novel will be a delight to all readers.
আরণ্যক উপন্যাস টি লিখেছেন লেখক বিভূতিভূষণ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়।