Bangla Sahityer Itihas Volume IV by Sukumar Sen
The name of book – Bangla Sahityer Itihas (History of Bengali Literature),
Volume – Volume IV,
Author – Sukumar Sen,
Categories – Bengali Literature,
Number of pages in the book – 400,
Bangla Sahityer Itihas (History of Bengali Literature) – Volume IV written by Sukumar Sen
Author Sukumar Sen has written the fourth volume of History of Bengali Literature. The first volume was published 25 years after he started writing the history of Bengali literature. History of Bengali Literature – Eighteen years after the publication of the first volume, the fourth and last volume of the history of Bengali literature has been published. Author Sukumar Sen has written a continuous history of Bengali literature till 1941. The main reason why the writer came to a halt till 1941 was when the Second World War broke out and the proverbial great poet of Bengali literature Rabindranath Tagore died 7th August,1941.
The author has always published the fourth or last volume of this Bengali literature with neutrality. An analysis of the fourth volume of Bengali literature and can be called an important work of Bengali literature. We see the poet Rabindranath Tagore as the father of Bengali modern literature, because he sowed the seeds of modern literature in Bengal. Poet Rabindranath Tagore tried to give a new look to his literary pursuits and he was successful. And from that day the beginning of modern Bengali literature began. He has changed many aspects of traditional Bengali literature. Breaking some of the earlier conventions, he declared rebellion and sowed the seeds of modern literature.
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At that time Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay, one of the writers of Bengali literature, appeared. In order to brighten the face of Bengali literature, he skillfully made great strides in presenting Bengali literature to the world. Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay was well educated in English. His mind is on the composition of English literature. His literary pursuits focused on the English language. However, his interest in English diminished day by day and he started writing about Bengali literature which we find in the beginning of Bankimchandra’s letter to Bangadarshan. He expressed his own views there.
“I don’t want to call European texts texts, at least in size, compared to Sanskrit texts,” he said. Citing the history of Sanskrit texts, he came to the conclusion that the misconception of Western history was erroneous. Towards the end of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay’s literary life, he was active enough to present Bengali literature to the world. In this fourth volume, author Sukumar Sen has beautifully analyzed the history of Bengali literature, about Bengali literature and those who were active in presenting Bengali literature to the world as a shining beacon.
Authors Satyendranath Dutta, Abanindranath Tagore, Saratchandra Chattopadhyay and especially Rabindranath Tagore and Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay have beautifully discussed various aspects of the history of Bengali literature in this fourth volume. Notable among those who wrote poetry extensively in imitation of Rabindranath Tagore was Pramatha Nath Roychowdhury. Rabindranath Tagore dedicated the book ‘Kanika’ to Pramatha Nath Roy Chowdhury. At that time the poems of the poet Pramatha Nath Roychowdhury were published in all the famous monthly magazines. With the exception of Rabindranath Tagore in the twentieth century of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there were only two poets whose writings had little effect on contemporary young poets and writers. They are Debendranath Sen and Dwijendralal Roy.
Kazi Nazrul Islam was a unique pioneer of Bengali literature. He was brilliant in the renaissance of Bengal and in his rebellious writings. Rabindranath Tagore’s ‘Achalayatan‘, Rabindranath’s reception and his Nobel Prize-winning events are particularly memorable in the twentieth century history of Bengali literature. The great diversity and abundance of Rabindranath’s creations had silenced the candidates in literature but Rabindranath’s hatred still did not abate at that time. Some of his notoriously intolerant writers and group editors regularly wrote against Rabindra Rachna, but gradually they had to be defeated. On January 28, 1912, the day the young and old scholars of Bangladesh, on the occasion of Rabindranath’s 50th birthday, publicly greeted him at the town hall with great joy and enthusiasm. This event is like the coronation of Rabindra-Pratibha in Bengali literature. They have to be defeated in the end, because after that their faces were no longer seen. It can be said that they forgot to oppose him in Bengali literature. In November 1913, it was reported that Rabindranath Tagore had won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The main significance of this event was that it recognized the equivalence of modern Indian thinkers with Western thinkers. And the pride of the people of the country and the development of Bengali literature can be said to be a unique creation as the news of Rabindranath Tagore’s Nobel Prize candidate reached different parts of the country.
Writer Bipinchandra Pal attacked sharply at that time. In Rabindranath’s writings, his aim was to provoke the revolutionary approach and to critically criticize Rabindranath’s writings and thoughts. But Rabindranath Tagore at that time resisted all those attacks through his writings. He pioneered the creation of literature through modern weapons, pure intellect, inexhaustible thought and sharp words. So that the reader-writer can easily get the direction to be free from the dullness of mind, from the triviality of literary creation and from the maze of repetition.
In the history of Bengali literature, author Sukumar Sen has analyzed many aspects of Bengali literature in India. If you read this beautiful book, it is possible to know real ideas about Bengali literature and many unknown facts. This book is very important for Bengali writers.
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History of Bengali Literature – Volume IV, PDF file.