Bankim Rachanabali Vol- 1 and Vol -2 by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay pdf.
Sahitya Samrat Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is considered as one of the special writers and authors of Bengali literature. With whose hands an endless treasure of Bengali literature has been formed. Many of us know that he was the master of presenting Bengali literature to the world.
Literary emperor Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s novels have been published in various mediums so far, compiled by many writers and poets, but the popular version was not published before the first volume of these bankim works was published. In this volume, the publisher has tried his best to fill that gap. He published two volumes paying homage to the literary emperor Bankim chandra Chattopadhyay.
The publisher has compiled 14 famous novels in the first volume of Bankim’s works. Such as Durgeshnandini, Kapalakundla, Mrinalini, Bisvriksha, Indira, Chandrasekhar, Radharani, Rajini, Krishnakanter Will, Raj Singh, Ananda Math, Devi Chowdhurani, Sitaram etc.
In the context of Bankim Chandra: –
Who has not heard the name of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the best sage novelist in Bandemataram mantra, in India. Author Bankim chandra is invaluable in nurturing the Bengali language and literature and controlling the national character of the Bengalis. Bankim chandra Chattopadhyay was one of the cheapest literary novels in his lifetime. He was a government employee, deputy magistrate and deputy collector. But he was a unique personality in the field of literature. He got the opportunity to get acquainted with the upper and lower classes of educated and uneducated people and he himself mingled with the pressure of British rule in India at that time. Bankim chandra directed Lekhni for the purpose of restraining the national character and penetrated into the life of the nation and made it victorious.
Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay was an outstanding talent from his childhood and his father Yadav Chandra Chattopadhyay enrolled him in Medinipur English School. He was 11 years old when he was admitted to Hooghly College in 1849. He studied at Bankim chandra Hooghly College for a total of seven years till 1856. During this time he read additional textbooks and acquired a lot of knowledge. He was able to show his talent in a short time.
In 1856 he left Hooghly College to study law and was admitted to Presidency College in Calcutta. And that same year he took the exam from the law department and passed the first department. The University of Calcutta was established in the same year and the university arranged for the taking of the BA examination the following year. Bankim chandra Chattopadhyay sat for the BA examination with only 13 students appearing for the exam that year and only two passed the second division. No one could pass the exam at first as it was very difficult. Bankim chandra passed the first BA examination of Calcutta University and his name spread around. On 6 August 1858, he was appointed as a Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector and joined. In January 1869, Bankim chandra passed the BA examination from Presidency College and he secured third place in the first division.
He was a novice in literary work as well as in government service and Kapalkundla was published in 1865 then Mrinalini was published in 1869.
Bankim chandra Chattopadhyay was a sabyasachi. To write on different subjects, he encouraged different writers and revised their writings. He would again manage to serve that writing to Gaurjan.
The works of many well-known authors had to be first published by revising them. Bankim chandra also started composing on some subjects like knowledge, science, history etc. and established an ideal through Bangadarshan. Bankim chandra Chattopadhyay was active in literature. His talent was not statistically sufficient in itself, he was present everywhere with his immense strength and joy wherever there was a lack of literature. What science, what history, what religious texts, wherever he needed, he would appear completely ready.
Bankim chandra composed his famous national anthem Bandemataram in 1875, shortly after the publication of Kamalakant’s Patriotism. Then a few years later he composed Anandamath.
Sabyasachi Bankim chandra was active in literature. His genius was not automatically sufficiently stable. Wherever there was a lack of literature, he spread his vast store of knowledge everywhere. Destroyed for Bengali literature. He showed a bright path in Bengali literature by composing beautiful novels on the daily life and problems of Bengalis. His various works, poems and stories began to be published in Bangadarshan. Bishbrikkha (Poison Tree), Indira, Chandrasekhar, Radharani are published consecutively. These were later published in book form very quickly. He wrote with the intention of purifying the internal flaws of the society.
World poet Rabindranath Tagore said about him,
Writer Bankim Chandra not only feared, consoled, filled the gap, he was also arrogant. Now those who want to acknowledge the interest of learning Bengali literature try to put the question of Bengal in meaningful hymns day and night but Bankim’s words were not only hymns but also rabbits.
In this way, Bankim chandra’s writing became clear on everything. Apart from Bangadarshan, he also wrote articles on nationalism in Akshay Chandra Sarkar’s general newspaper. Bankim chandra’s patriotism or patriotism was first expressed through Kamalakanter Daptar.
If Bangladesh had been vain and lifeless, the current newspaper in the character of Krishna would have felt the pain of the current attack on the Hindu society and the perverted Hindu religion. Bankim’s knight HSC genius and no one else dared to express his views in such a fearless utterance against folk customs. Comparisons are hard to come by.
Author Bankimchandra wanted to write a novel with a picture of the Vedic period and he said that if he could start, he could finish but his dream did not come true. Ramesh Chandra Dutt Bankim chandra took charge of compiling parts of the Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita, but died before he could actually move on.
Bankim chandra also encouraged young budding writers to practice literature with various advises in his last years. Rabindranath Tagore Harprasad Shastri Srishchandra Majumdar Sureshchandra Samajpati Hirendranath Dutta and many others have left their signatures in their respective works.
He has created literature from the perspective of the life style of Bankim chandra for the welfare of the country and the welfare of the country.
In his words, literature is not without religion. Because what is true in literature is religion. If there is such misinformation that it is untrue and unrighteous, then no one is happy in its text except the evil or perverted reader. But the truth in literature and the religion of all religions will not only make it a part of literature, but bring literature down to the stage of religion.
Bankimchandra Chatterjee and State Thought: –
Until the middle of the nineteenth century, government workers could join state institutions and conduct various movements. After the Sepoy War, the government gradually deprived them of this right, but even in the sixteenth century, the workers could become members or members of political organizations, which the government did not prevent. At that time the British Indian Association or ‘Bharatvarshiya Sabha’ in Calcutta was legally conducting the state movement as the spokesperson of the Indians. The British government then reformed the system of governance beforehand and tried to establish its own power. Like the parliamentary opposition or opposition in Britain, this meeting would discuss every issue thoroughly and point out faults and immediately suggest amendments.
Many talented people of the day, both public and private, became members of this meeting. Bankimchandra was then appointed as the Khulna Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector of Bangladesh. From there he became a member of the ‘Bharatvarshiya Sabha’ in 1883. At that time, after his special efforts to suppress the oppressors in Khulna district, patriotism was really aroused in his mind and the government’s domestic dispute with the ‘Bharatvarshiya Sabha’ appeared from 1869 to 70 AD.
In 1876 there were revolts in Pabna and Sirajganj. Earlier, he had written a series of essays titled ‘Farmers of Bengal’ and in that essay he discussed in detail the plight of the peasants and pointed out various ways of remedy. Later, a few more articles on the subject were published under the title ‘Equality’.
Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay in his novel ‘Kamalakanter Daftar’ said with the mouth of Kamalakanta for the motherland,
“I know this is my mother’s birthplace, this earthenware-earthenware-eternity is now embedded in the womb. “I will not see today, I will not see tomorrow, I will not see if the current does not pass, but I will see one day. All of you brothers, we jump into this dark time. .
Bankim chandra Chattopadhyay published Bengali Selection in 1892 for the entrance examinations at the request of the Calcutta University Syndicate. During this time he made special efforts to include Bengali in the ‘experimental subjects’ at Calcutta University. In 1892, Bankim chandra wrote a letter to him in full support of Rabindranath’s Sikshar Herafer. Some parts of the letter, including Rabindranath’s remarks, were published in the next issue, Sadhana.
Literary emperor Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay’s novels and books have been discussed individually and collectively. Bankimchandra’s contemporaries shed light on the various novels written by his friends. Critics like Lalit Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Girija Roychowdhury, Akshay Kumar Dattagupta, Purna Chandra Bose, Panchkari Bandyopadhyay, Bipin chandra Pal and Srikumar Bandyopadhyay of that period and various biographies of Bankim chandra were also discussed in the novels. From all these discussions and biographies at different times, one can get a clear idea of their background. The editorial role attached to each of Bankim chandra’s novels published in the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad and the valuable comments made by the historical Acharya Shri Jagannath Sarkar in some of the novels have made it very clear to us.
We can roughly divide Bankimchandra’s novels into three categories, namely historical novels, social novels and nationalist novels.
The Vol- 1 and Vol -2s of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay’s Bankim Rachanabali were published with some special novels. And there is no doubt that ‘Bankim Rachanabali’ will be appreciated by the readers.
Therefore, in the interest of the readers, we have given the PDF file of the first volume and the second volume of Bankim Rachanabali on the page of this website,